High blood pressure is a silent killer!
According to the Merck Manual, high blood pressure, medically known as hypertension, is the sustained elevation of resting systolic blood pressure (≥ 130 mm Hg), diastolic blood pressure (≥ 80 mm Hg), or both. This can lead to several health problems, including heart disease. High blood pressure is perhaps the most common condition related to the circulatory system.
Statistics show that the death rate from hypertension has increased by about 11% in the United States between the years 2005 and 2015, while there was an increase of 38% in the actual number of deaths (up to approximately 79,000) in 2015.
High blood pressure is a common health problem that affects millions of people all over the world. According to the World Health Organization, it causes 7.5 million deaths, or about 12.8% of the total number of deaths.
Hypertension is called a “silent killer” as it can easily go undiagnosed or untreated owing to the lack of significant symptoms associated with this condition. It is a major risk factor for cerebrovascular and coronary heart disease.
Experts recommend getting your blood pressure checked whenever you visit your doctor for a regular checkup. People who are 18 years or older must have their blood pressure checked every two years while those who are aged 40 or above must have it done at least once a year.
Other than medication, people suffering from hypertension are suggested to follow several lifestyle and dietary changes in order to keep their blood pressure level within the normal range.
Incorporating apple cider vinegar in your diet may prove to be effective in dealing with high blood pressure.
Apple cider vinegar is a popular natural remedy that is used for the treatment of multiple health issues. It can be effective in the management of high blood pressure.
Apple cider vinegar is made by fermenting crushed apples with yeast and bacteria to convert the fruit sugars into acetic acid. It contains 5%–6% acetic acid, and that’s what makes it effective in reducing blood pressure. It also contains minerals like potassium and magnesium that help to keep your blood pressure under control.
Apple cider vinegar is a suitable remedy for hypertension due to the following reasons.
1. Lowers the Activity of Renin in the Body
Renin is an enzyme that stimulates the release of aldosterone, a very powerful vasoconstrictor that causes significant increases in the blood pressure. It also changes the baseline filtering activity of the kidneys. Aldosterone causes the kidneys to retain both salt and water, which increases the amount of fluid in the body over time. The excess fluid in the body results in elevated blood pressure.
Apple cider vinegar helps by reducing the activity of renin in order to bring down the blood pressure.
A study published in Kidney Research and Clinical Practice in 2016 reports that higher plasma renin activity (PRA) levels was associated with increased risk for ischemic heart events and congestive heart failure and a trend towards higher mortality among individuals with systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg but not among those with SBP < 140 mmHg.
In a 2001 study published in Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, rats with high blood pressure were given vinegar over an extended period of time. It was found that the acetic acid component of the vinegar led to decreases in the enzyme called renin. The drastic reductions in renin activity produced low blood pressure.
2. Helps in Lowering Blood Glucose Levels
Diabetes is a known risk factor of high blood pressure. A 2013 survey by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) found that people at risk for heart disease or type II diabetes reported discussing biomarkers, like blood pressure, with their healthcare providers.
A 2016 study published in BMC Endocrine Disorders suggests that hyperglycemia, as well as higher fasting plasma glucose within the normal range, is associated with a higher prevalence of hypertension, independent of other cardiovascular risk factors in elderly Chinese.
Having type II diabetes and high blood pressure also increases the risk of developing other diabetes-related diseases, such as kidney issues and retinopathy. This is why proper management of your blood glucose level is important, and apple cider vinegar can be of great use for this purpose.
According to a 2005 rat study published in the British Journal of Nutrition, acetic acid improved the ability of the liver and muscles to take up sugar from the blood. At the same time, acetic acid reduced the ratio of insulin to glucagon, which aids in fat loss.
A 2015 study published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition reports that vinegar can be considered beneficial for improving insulin resistance and metabolic abnormalities in the atherogenic prediabetic state.
Another study published the same year in the Journal of Diabetes Research reports that vinegar’s effect on carbohydrate metabolism may be partly due to an increase in glucose uptake, demonstrating an improvement in insulin action in skeletal muscle.
3. Helps in Lowering Bodyweight
Being overweight or obese is one of the most common risk factors of high blood pressure. A 2014 study published in the Italian Journal of Pediatrics found that excess body weight, obesity, and abdominal obesity were associated with prehypertension and hypertension in adolescents.
A 2017 study published in the BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine analyzed the prevalence of obesity among student-athletes and found that 50% of those with elevated blood pressure were either obese or overweight.
Apple cider vinegar may prove to be beneficial in keeping body weight under control. It helps boost metabolism, thus enabling the body to burn more fat. Apple cider vinegar helps to control appetite and prevent overeating.
A 2006 study published in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications reports that acetic acid boosts the level of an enzyme that increases the rate at which fat is burned in the body. Acetic acid reduces the amount of fat and sugar produced by the liver.
A 2014 study published in Nature Communications suggests that acetic acid helps to suppress the centers in the brain that affect appetite, which can lead to reduced food intake.
4. Decreases Cholesterol Levels
People with elevated blood cholesterol are very likely to have high blood pressure.
A 2002 study published in the Journal of Human Hypertension found that those with higher cholesterol levels had significantly higher blood pressure levels during exercise as compared with those with lower cholesterol levels. In fact, mild increases in cholesterol levels may influence blood pressure.
Another 2012 study published in the Journal of Hypertension shows that high cholesterol level was directly related to high blood pressure.
By including apple cider vinegar in your diet, you can lower your total cholesterol and triglyceride levels. The acetic acid content in apple cider vinegar is an effective remedy for lowering cholesterol.
A 2006 study published in the British Journal of Nutrition reports that dietary acetic acid reduced serum cholesterol and triacylglycerols in rats that were fed a cholesterol-rich diet.
A 2012 study published in Life Science Journal found that consuming apple cider vinegar over eight weeks can help lower cholesterol.
5. Apple Cider Vinegar Contains Essential Minerals like Potassium and Magnesium
High blood pressure can be caused by too little potassium or magnesium in the diet. Apple cider vinegar contains both of these minerals, which can help in managing hypertension.
Potassium helps balance the amount of sodium in the cells. This means a low potassium intake will lead to an accumulation of excessive sodium in your blood, thus causing high blood pressure.
A 2015 study published in the Journal of Human Hypertension reports that increased potassium intake along with a low-sodium diet had a beneficial effect on blood pressure.
Magnesium is an important mineral that helps blood vessels relax. A diet low in magnesium may result in high blood pressure.
Consult your doctor for an appropriate monitoring of sodium, potassium, and magnesium. There must be a good balance of these minerals circulating in the body. Excess consumption or too little intake can contribute to irregular heartbeat and cardiac complications.
Using Apple Cider Vinegar for Managing High Blood Pressure
Now that you know the various reasons that make apple cider vinegar a suitable remedy for high blood pressure, let’s take a look at the proper way to make this ingredient part of your diet.
It is recommended that you consume about 2 to 3 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar per day. This can be done by splitting the total recommended intake into two to three doses. For instance, you can have 1 tablespoon apple cider vinegar twice or three times daily.
- Add 1 tablespoon of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar in a glass. (If you are not used to taking apple cider vinegar. then it would be better to start with 1 teaspoon a day and gradually increase the dosage till you reach 2 or 3 tablespoons a day.)
- Dilute it with plain water or fruit juice, depending upon your preference.
- Have it before each main meal. This will help you digest the food and control your appetite.
Other ways to include apple cider vinegar in your diet:
- Add it to cooked popcorn.
- Drizzle it over meat or vegetables.
- Add it to a smoothie.
- Mix it with olive oil and herbs to use as salad dressing.